We have compiled a number of resources on educational equity issues. Resources will be updated periodically with new content.

Federal Laws

Every Student Succeeds Act

ESSA includes provisions designed to ensure success for students and schools. The goal is to advance equity by upholding critical protections for America’s disadvantaged and high-need students by supporting local innovations including evidence-based practices. States are required to create consolidated plans with input from communities.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

IDEA assures specific rights and safeguards to children with disabilities and their parents. It guides state and schools in providing special education and support services. The core principles include that parent and students are active members of the team and provide input on the required Individualized Education Program (IEP) that is designed to meet the child’s unique needs.

Part B: (ages 3 – 21)

Part C: (ages birth – 2)

Section 504 Federal Regulations

Section 504 is a civil rights law. The purpose of Section 504 is to protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination for reasons related to their disabilities. Unlike the IDEA, Section 504 do not ensure that a child with a disability will receive an IEP. Under Section 504, the child with a disability may receive accommodations and modifications are also available under IDEA.

Model Forms and Documents

Model Form: IEP

Congress required the U.S. Department of Education to develop and publish a model IEP form. The form sets forth required elements including the fact that the IEP was set forth and track measurable goals.

Model Form: Individualized Family Service Plan

The U.S. Department of Education was required to develop a model Individualized Family Service Plan. Part C regulations specify the procedures that State Lead Agencies and early intervention service providers must follow.

Notice of Procedural Safeguards

The model form sets forth general information on procedural safeguards for families related to parental consent, independent educational evaluations, complaint procedures, and due process, which is notice and opportunity to be heard.

Model Form: Prior Written Notice

This model form provides the written notice requirements that the school district must give parents written notice whenever the districts proposes to begin or change your child’s identification, evaluation, or educational placement OR refuses to begin or change your child’s identification, evaluation or placement or provide your child with a free appropriate public education.

Key Court Cases

Please check back soon for Key Court Cases.


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